Science in 60 Seconds
Jennifer Ferris is an incoming PhD candidate in the Graduate Programs in Rehabilitation Sciences. To read more about her and Science in 60 Seconds, click here.
Rehabilitation Sciences students featured in UBC profile!
PhD Student, Ed Giesbrecht, featured on CTV!
Rehabilitation Sciences PhD Candidate, Ed Giesbrecht, was recently interviewed by CTV News Winnipeg regarding his mobility study with Dr. Bill Miller titled, EPIC WheelS or Enhancing Participation in the Community by improving Wheelchair Skills.
You can watch the CTV clip here. Great job, Ed!
Admissions are open for prospective MSc and PhD students. The deadline for September 2015 intake is January 15th. The deadline for January 2016 intake is June 15th. Please visit our website for instructions on how to apply the MSc and/or PhD programs.
The program looks forward to learning about you soon!
Lisa Simpson and Niousha Bolandzadeh Fasaie are winners of the Focus on Stroke Doctoral Awards
Congratulations to our doctoral students, Niousha Bolandzadeh Fasaie (supervisor, Assistant Professor Teresa Liu-Ambrose) and Lisa Simpson (supervisor, Professor Janice Eng) who received Focus on Stroke Awards. Congratulations also to two post-doctoral fellows, Michael Borich and Jodi Edwards who work in Associate Professor Lara Boyd’s laboratory. They both received Focus on Stroke Research Fellowships. Of the 14 national awards, our UBC Rehabilitation Sciences won 4 of them.
Jill Zwicker, our PhD graduate won the Pursuit Award
Each university in Canada could only nominate one recent PhD graduate so Jill already has the distinction of being the UBC nominee. Dr. Susan Harris and Dr. Lara Boyd, her co-supervisors wrote her letter of support and the OSOT was the nominating department. Jill’s doctoral thesis examined neural and behavioural correlates of motor performance in children with developmental coordination disorder. Jill is presently a Canadian Child Health Clinician Scholars doing a post-doctoral fellowship with Ruth Grunau and Steven Miller at Children’s Hospital in Vancouver.
Dr. Teresa Liu Ambrose’s research featured in The Vancouver Sun
“Exercise programs, especially those involving resistance (weight) training, help stave off progression to dementia in older people already showing signs of cognitive impairment, local researchers have shown in a study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
The randomized, controlled study compared the effects of three different types of exercise, done twice weekly over six months, in 86 women between the age of 70 and 80.
The study compared walking (aerobic exercise), with balance, tone and stretch classes and resistance training to build muscle strength. The latter method produced the best results for memory and other cognition measurements.
All forms of exercise generally produced positive changes in the study, the first of its kind looking at types of exercise and its effect on attention, memory, problem solving and decision making. But resistance training fared best, possibly because it gets progressively harder as people increase weight resistance, so it benefits “multiple domains [in the brain] in those at risk for dementia,” the study posits.
“We can’t say resistance training exercise eradicates Alzheimer’s disease but it does show promise in delaying the onset. It improves brain function in the processes that are associated with aging and the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease,” said lead author Teresa Liu-Ambrose, a researcher with the Centre for Hip Health and Mobility at Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver Coastal Health and the University of B.C. Brain Research Centre.
MSc graduate accepts position for Northern and Rural Cohort for Department of Physcial Therapy
One of our MSc graduates, Robin Roots has accepted the position of Clinical Coordinator, Northern and Rural Cohort for the Department of Physical Therapy. Robin brings a wealth of experience and energy to the role. Robin has been working on contract with the MPT Clinical Education team since last year, and has been an integral part of the development of the Northern and Rural Cohort initiative. She first completed an Environmental Scan−Physical Therapy Clinical Education in Northern and Rural British Columbia−which updated the department with needed information about our clinical partners, clinical sites, and the current status of clinical education in northern and rural areas. Her role will include increasing the number of northern and rural placements available for all students, as well as planning and implementing activities for the Northern and Rural Cohort. She will also serve as the new contact person for questions about the clinical education program in northern and rural areas.
Robin is located in Prince George, at the UNBC campus. Congratulations Robin!
Dr. W. Ben Mortenson, Clinical Assistant Professor, wins Age+ Prize from CIHR’s Institute of Aging
By Kate Keech on January 3, 2012
The CIHR-Institute of Aging Age+ Prize recognizes excellence in research on aging carried out by emerging Canadian scholars. Up to 15 awards are offered annually to meritorious authors of published, scientific articles on aging. The Age+ Prize is aimed at graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and residents from all disciplines, working in the field of aging.
Congratulations to Dr. W. Ben Mortenson for being a recent recipient of the CIHR-IA Age+ Prize for his article titled: “Grey spaces: The wheeled fields of residential care.” Dr. Mortenson graduated from our Rehabilitation Sciences PhD program in 2009, under the supervision of Professor Bill Miller, with his thesis exploring the impact of wheelchairs on individuals in residential care. He is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the SFU Gerontology Research Centre and University of Montreal and is a clinical assistant professor within our department.
This winning paper is available as an early-on-line publication in Sociology of Health & Illness and was completed in collaboration with Dr. John Oliffe in the School of Nursing at UBC and with our own Professors Bill Miller and Catherine Backman.
Congratulations to our November graduates! Many thanks to Andrea Walus, Mary Clark and Sue Stanton for organizing a delightful graduate reception at the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club on Thursday, November 24, 2011.
For a full account of the evening please go to…
Rehabilitation Sciences Graduation Reception November 2011
Dr. Lyn Jongbloed and Dr. Rick Celebrini, our November PhD graduate, celebrate his achievement.
Dr. Richard George Celebrini: “Dr. Celebrini demonstrated the effects of a novel movement strategy in reducinging risk factors for knee injuries in young female soccer players. This research provides a practical contribution to knee injury prevention programs in young female athletes.” (November 2011)
Sarah Neil, Jeanie Zabukovec and Sandra Hale- MSC Graduates for November 2011
Thesis Title: Employment Experiences of People with Bipolar Disorder
Sarah Elizabeth Neil
Thesis Title: Cardiorespiratory and Neuromuscular Deconditioning in Fatigued and Non-Fatigued Breast Cancer Survivors
Jeanie R. Zabukovec
Thesis Title: Does Primary Motor Cortex Plasticity Parallel Adaptive Modification to Human Walking?
Can Breastfeeding Reduce Pain in Preterm Infants?
By Kate Keech on October 20, 2011
Results of Dr. Liisa Holsti’s research aimed at answering this very question will be featured in the upcoming issue of PAIN…
Philadelphia, PA, October 19, 2011 – Poorly managed pain in the neonatal intensive care unit has serious short- and long-term consequences, causing physiological and behavioral instability in preterm infants and long-term changes in their pain sensitivity, stress arousal systems, and developing brains. In a study published in the November issue of PAIN®, researchers report that breastfeeding during minor procedures mitigated pain in preterm neonates with mature breastfeeding behaviors.
Currently, pain associated with minor procedures such as pricking for blood tests is managed with interventions such as skin-to-skin contact, pacifiers, and sweet tastes, but these produce only modest and/or inconsistent relief. In normal term-born infants, breastfeeding during painful procedures has been shown to reduce pain response by 80-90% and has no serious side effects, but this approach had not previously been tested in preterm infants. One concern is that preterm infants might come to associate breastfeeding with the painful procedure, jeopardizing their ability to feed effectively enough to adequately gain weight.
In a randomized clinical trial, investigators from the Child & Family Research Institute at BC Children’s Hospital and The University of British Columbia in Vancouver, BC, conducted a study to learn if preterm infants would show lower pain scores when breastfed during blood collection. They also looked at whether breastfeeding during the painful procedure would have a negative impact on the development of breastfeeding skills, and whether infants who had more mature breastfeeding behaviors would have lower pain scores and heart rates during blood collection than less experienced feeders.
Fifty-seven infants born at 30 to 36 weeks gestational age were divided into two groups. One group was breastfed during blood collection. The other group was given a pacifier. During the procedure, their faces and hands were videotaped, their responses were scored using the Behavioral Indicators of Infant Pain, and their heart rates were measured. Breastfed babies were also scored according to the Premature Infant Breastfeeding Behaviors scale.
For the group as a whole, breastfeeding did not reduce either behavioral or physiological pain during blood collection. Nevertheless, no immediate adverse effects were found on breastfeeding skill development. “Our sample of infants was assessed early in their breastfeeding experience; none of our infants were fully established on breastfeeds,” says lead investigator Liisa Holsti, PhD, Clinician Scientist at the Child & Family Research Institute; Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of British Columbia; and a Canada Research Chair in Neonatal Health and Development. “For infants whose breastfeeding skills are inconsistent, it is unlikely to mitigate pain effectively.”
In the breastfed group, however, infants who were more advanced in their ability to feed did have significantly lower behavioral pain scores. Despite concerns that blood sampling during breastfeeding may be more difficult, the authors report that the time taken for the procedure in the breastfed group was significantly shorter, making blood collection more efficient.
“Finding creative ways to apply breastfeeding for pain mitigation in premature infants is important, because recent research suggests that sweetening agents used to reduce minor procedural pain may act as sedatives rather than analgesics, and they may have negative effects on development,” says Professor Holsti. “Our findings support further research on the effects of breastfeeding for more mature feeders over repeated events to assess both the short- and long-term benefits of the treatment.”
The article is “Does breastfeeding reduce acute procedural pain in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit? A randomized clinical trial,” by Liisa Holsti, Timothy F. Oberlander, and Rollin Brant (DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2011.07.022). It will appear in PAIN®, Volume 152, Issue 11 (November 2011) published by Elsevier.</p<
Congratulations to MSc graduate, Helia Sillem! Helia graduated from the program in November 2009. She is the recipient of the First Time Writer’s Award from the Journal of Hand Therapy. Her manuscript, based on her MSc thesis is entitled “Comparison of Two Carpometacarpal Stabilizing Splints for Individuals with Thumb Osteoarthritis.” The award will be presented in September 2012 at the annual ASHT (American Society of Hand Therapist) conference. Congratulations to Associate Professor Linda Li who was quoted in September 29th in the Vancouver Sun on preventing arthritis in baby-boomers, written by John Esdaile & Cheryl Koehn. http://www.vancouversun.com/health/Baby+boomers+next+arthritis+generation/5475655/story.html
Professor Teresa Liu-Ambrose in is the New York Times!
The Aging, Mobility and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory at the University of British Columbia and other institutions have shown, for the first time, that light-duty weight training changes how well older women think and how blood flows within their brains. After 12 months of lifting weights twice a week, the women performed significantly better on tests of mental processing ability than a control group of women who completed a balance and toning program, while functional M.R.I. scans showed that portions of the brain that control such thinking were considerably more active in the weight trainers.
“We’re not trying to show that lifting weights is better than aerobic-style activity” for staving off cognitive decline, said Teresa Liu-Ambrose, an assistant professor at the university and study leader. “But it does appear to be a viable option, and if people enjoy it, as our participants did, and stick with it,” then more of us might be able, potentially, to ameliorate mental decline well into late life.
Dr Lyn Jongbloed, MSc graduates: Karen Sauve, Meghan Linsdell and Alanna Simms. (Robin Roots absent)
Meghan Ashley Linsdell
Thesis Title:Continuous theta burst stimulation, combined with skilled motor practice after stroke: effects on implicit learning and electroneurophysiology.
Robin Katharine Roots
Thesis Title: Understanding Rural Rehabilitation Practice: Perspectives of OTs and PTs in British Columbia.
Karen A. Sauve
Thesis Title: Exploring Factors Associated with Readiness to Change During the Acquisition of Motor Abilities in Young Children with Cerebral Palsy
Alanna M. Simms
Thesis Title: A Novel Theory-based Implementation Intervention to Increase Prescription of Inspiratory Muscle Training for People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Dr Lyn Jongbloed, Dr. Paula Rushton and Dr. Bubblepreet Randhawa- May 2011
PhD Grads Citations
Dr. Paula W. Rushton: “Dr. Rushton developed WheelCon-M, a test to assess people’s confidence in using a manual wheelchair. She conducted a four-phase, multi-site, mixed-methods study to develop and validate this new measure. WheelCon-M will be used clinically to identify individuals who would benefit from targeted interventions to improve their confidence with wheelchair use.” (May 2011)
2011 is starting off well for three of our PhD students who have won COTF Scholarships.
Shalini Lal won a COTF Doctoral Scholarship. Ed Giesbrecht won the COTF Thelma Cardwell Scholarship. And Debbie Field won the prestigious COTF Blake Medical Distribution Doctoral Scholarship. Congratulations to them all!
Teresa Liu-Ambrose research on senior’s strength training hits the Front Page of the Vancouver Sun!
“A new study by Vancouver area health professionals suggests that seniors who take part in strength-building exercise regimes can reap cognitive and other health benefits, in some cases for years after the exercises have stopped…”
The Research Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences is pleased to announce Assistant Professor, Liisa Holsti’s award of Canada Research Chair in Neonatal Health and Development. “The funding provided through the Canada Research Chairs Program allows Canadian universities to attract and retain the best and the brightest minds from around the world,” said Professor Paul Young, Chair of the Ontario Council of University Research and Vice-President, Research, at the University of Toronto. “This program is vital for Canada, since it contributes to the development of first-class training and competitive research in Canada and abroad.”
The 310 chairholders included in today’s announcement will conduct research across a range of important fields, including water security, molecular neuroscience and globalization. The results of their research will hold the potential to benefit all sectors of Canadian society.
Recent Graduates from the Program in May 2010
Paula Rushton and Ed Giesbrecht, two of our PhD students, have won the best PhD Poster Competition at the Canadian Aging and Gerontological Conference in December, 2010. This award is sponsored by the CIHR Institute of Aging.
Jen Garden, The reliability and validity of the Wheelchair Outcome Measure and its clinical implications.
Alison McLean, OT, MSc: Social participation, quality of like and attendance in a brain injury drop-in centre: an exploratory study.
Sharon Smith, OT, The Experience of Spirituality and / or Religion for Individuals Living with a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia
Joy Teo, PT, MSc: Health of People with Spinal Cord Injury in Singapore Marie Westby, PT, PhD: Developing an Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline for Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Rehabilitation
Jill Zwicker, OT, PhD: Neural and Behavioural Correlates of Motor Performance in Children with Developmental Co-ordination Disorder
Bill Mortensen, OT, PhD: The predictors of mobility, participation and life satisfaction of residents who use wheel chairs as their primary means of mobility
Mar. 23, 2010
Dr. Sue Stanton wins Faculty of Medicine 2009 CME/CPD Awards- Innovation
Recognizing exemplary and distinguished activities/service to the FOM in the areas of continuing medical education/continuing professional development.
Dr. Janice Eng – Professor, Department of Physical Therapy wins the YWCA Woman of Distinction Award for Heath and active Living
As a professor, clinical scientist and international researcher, Janice has made significant advances in the treatment of individuals with stroke and spinal cord injuries. She has successfully translated her research into substantial health benefits for patients, such as the Fitness and Mobility Exercise Program, used to help thousands of patients in more than 75 locations. Constantly building bridges between the research, academic and clinical worlds, Janice is a devoted mentor and active volunteer in her field. She was a driving force behind the development of the UBC Physical Therapy doctoral program which now trains the next generation of rehabilitation scientists.
March 9, 2010
Dr. Sue Stanton wins Faculty of Medicine 2009 CME/CPD Awards- Innovation
Whether you’re a Paralympic athlete, a weekday warrior or a Sunday jogger, identifying your optimal workout window could certainly improve your quality of life. But if you’re recovering from a period of inactivity due to injury or have a chronic respiratory illness, identifying optimal exercise protocols and avoiding muscle injury could be life changing — not just life enhancing.Through cutting edge science and funding from MSFHR, Dr. Darlene Reid, Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, UBC and Director, Muscle Biophysics Laboratory at the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, is working on the development of two tools that could revolutionize the way we think about and perform exercise..
Story courtesy of the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research.
Dr. Janice Eng, a professor in Physical Therapy, won the Jonas Salk Award for 2009.
Dr. Eng is a professor in the Department of Physical Therapy at the University of British Columbia. Her research has made significant advances in the knowledge and treatment of individuals who have survived a stroke or have a spinal cord injury. Much of her research is community-focused aimed at improving the lives of stroke and spinal cord injury survivors by developing innovative therapies. Dr. Eng has developed exercise programs for stroke survivors that reduced the risk of fractures; improve walking ability and hand use, cardiovascular fitness, and walking for people with an incomplete spinal cord injury. Her treatments have been rolled out internationally, and are now being used in over 75 different countries.
November 30, 2009
PhD Grad Student Jill Zwicker sheds light on Developmental Co-ordination disorder
“We can see that the children with developmental co’ordination disorder are not activating the same brain areas as typically developing children.” Jill was interviewed by the CBC News. For the full article, please see: CBC News Clumsy kids’ brains work differently.Another article on Jill’s research appears in UBC Reports, Nov 5, 2009 When Johnny can count by twos but can’t tie shoes